Nutrition

Maximizing Passive Immunity in Calves

5 Factors of a Calf Management program


1. Minimize stress of birth
2. Maximize passive immunity
3. Meet nutrient requirements of calf
4. Optimize rumen development
5. Maintain animal health


On average in the U.S. 7.8% of heifer calves born alive, die before weaning, and over 75% of calves will experience one bout of illness prior to weaning. The primary causes of calf-hood illness prior to weaning are scours/digestive issues and respiratory challenges.

Calf Nutrition

From birth to three months of age is the most sensitive rearing period for the young calf. With biological, environmental, and nutritional stressors, the success of this first rearing phase depends on calf managers paying special attention to detail. Among the most important is establishing a sound calf nutrition program.

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Cold Weather Calf Management

Sound management practices help calves thrive in cold weather.

Cold weather can cause young calves to use excessive energy. It is stressful and puts their health at risk. But, by thinking ahead and using sound management practices, producers can minimize those risks and help their calves thrive.

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Cold Weather Calf Care - Checklist

Are you using effective cold weather calf care procedures? Do they provide the opportunity for your employees to provide quality calf care? Let’s consider your cold weather calf care procedures. Compare your actions with the standards in this checklist.

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Winter Calf Care and Keeping Colostrum

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Dr. Sam Leadley gives tips for winter calf care and the importance of preserving antibodies in colostrum.

Colostrum in your Dairy Program

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Dr. Sam Leadley talks about the importance of using colostrum in your dairy program.
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Automated Calf Feeders

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A discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of using an automated calf feeder.
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What Drives Calf Growth?

What is the single most influential factor affecting calf growth? What impact do various feeding programs have on the growth process? Calf expert Jim Quigley, PhD,author of CalfNotes.com, addresses these questions and more via a recently published research paper. The paper was published in the January issue of the Journal of Dairy Science and authored by H. Gale Bateman, PhD and his colleagues at the Nurture Research Center, Harrison, Ohio.

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Intensified Feeding Programs for Calves

Intensified feeding of calves for accelerated growth is a hot topic in calf management. These programs involve feeding of more milk replacer than in conventional programs, such that calves consume about twice as much dry milk replacer solids. One advantage of these programs is to enable heifers to grow to breeding size earlier. Disadvantages include increased costs for milk replacer and increased attention needed at the time of weaning to ensure adequate consumption of dry feed.

Colostrum: More than just Ig

Importance of delivering clean, high-quality colostrum to newborn calves shortly after birth has been well documented in research and widely publicized in the industry. Central to colostrum’s influence on calf survival and growth is the transfer of plasma immunoglobulin (Ig) from the dam to the offspring.

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Tube Feeding Did Not Reduce IgG Absorption from Colostrum in Penn State Study

Esophageal or “tube” feeders can be very helpful tools for providing calves with adequate amounts of colostrum as soon as possible after birth. Some farms use them as the primary method of feeding colostrum, while others tube only calves that fail to consume enough colostrum from a bottle.

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Dr Jim Quigley at DairyProfit Seminars at EFD 2011 [PART 1]

Dr Jim Quigley, vice president and director of calf operations at APC, Inc. spoke on improving the health of baby calves during the DairyProfit Seminars at Empire Farm Days on Aug. 9 in Seneca Falls, NY
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