5 Factors of a Calf Management program
1. Minimize stress of birth
2. Maximize passive immunity
3. Meet nutrient requirements of calf
4. Optimize rumen development
5. Maintain animal health
On average in the U.S. 7.8% of heifer calves born alive, die before weaning, and over 75% of calves will experience one bout of illness prior to weaning. The primary causes of calf-hood illness prior to weaning are scours/digestive issues and respiratory challenges.